What is meant by open access?
Open access is free immediate access to articles free to all people all over the world, to make research literature more available. Here is a short video to explain more.
An example of open access are Open educational resources, or OER’s. OER’s are textbooks, research articles, videos, assessments and simulations that are licensed under an open copyright licence, or public domain. This means that students, teachers and anyone wanting to learn can gain access to information they desire. (Re… et al., 2017)
There are different routes to open access; Green and Gold. Green is where the research is run by the researcher’s institution in an electronic archive called a repository. They are commonly shared and access to the research can be granted immediately or after an agreed period of time. Gold on the other hand, is publishing that allows immediate access to anyone electronically free of charge. Authors will receive payment through article processing charges, advertising, donations or other subsides. (England, 2017).
Is Open access a good thing, here I look at some of the advantages and disadvantages:
Within all of the advantages and disadvantages of open access there are some misconceptions. open access publishing does not mean that the author does not retain copyright, the publication will not be peer reviewed or indeed have a factor of impact upon the reader. open access is important to students, researchers, publishers and many more. so these misconceptions needed to be addressed. (Openaccess.nl, 2017)
It is not just academic institutions that involve open access, online media such as newspapers and magazines . In 2013, Simon-Kucher & Partners found that 90 percent of online companies would likely be held behind a paywall in the coming three years. One of these companies was The Telegraph Media Group, they would allow non-members to access 20 free articles a month but any more and they would have to pay. If you go the website you can select a premium package that suits you best.
If this is moving onto the mainstream media, does this mean that there is no hope for fully open access to academic research in the future?
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Colossal. (2017). The Guggenheim Museum Shares Over 200 Free Art Books Through the Internet Archive. [online] Available at: https://www.thisiscolossal.com/2017/05/free-modern-art-books-guggenheim/ [Accessed 6 May 2017].
Creativecommons.org. (2017). About The Licenses – Creative Commons. [online] Available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/ [Accessed 6 May 2017].
England, H. (2017). What is open access? – Higher Education Funding Council for England. [online] Hefce.ac.uk. Available at: http://www.hefce.ac.uk/rsrch/oa/whatis/ [Accessed 6 May 2017].
Openaccess.nl. (2017). Pros and cons. [online] Available at: http://openaccess.nl/en/what-is-open-access/pros-and-cons [Accessed 5 May 2017].
Re…, E., pub…, S., Co…, O., concepts…, B. and …, P. (2017). Advantages and disadvantages of Open Access. [online] Tue.nl. Available at: https://www.tue.nl/en/university/library/education-research-support/scientific-publishing/open-access-coach/basic-concepts-and-background/pros-and-cons-of-open-access/ [Accessed 6 May 2017].
The Drum. (2017). Media Buyers’ Reaction: The Sun and The Telegraph to introduce paywalls. [online] Available at: http://www.thedrum.com/news/2013/03/28/media-buyers-reaction-sun-and-telegraph-introduce-paywalls [Accessed 5 May 2017].
The Drum. (2017). Telegraph Media Group announces online UK paywall. [online] Available at: http://www.thedrum.com/news/2013/03/26/telegraph-media-group-announces-online-uk-paywall [Accessed 5 May 2017].
The Drum. (2017). 90% of online content to be held behind paywalls in three years media company survey suggests. [online] Available at: http://www.thedrum.com/news/2013/04/12/90-online-content-be-held-behind-paywalls-three-years-media-company-survey-suggests [Accessed 5 May 2017].
The Telegraph. (2017). Telegraph. [online] Available at: http://www.telegraph.co.uk/ [Accessed 7 May 2017].
Wiley, D., Green, C. and Soares, L. (2012). Dramatically Bringing Down the Cost of Education with OER How Open Education Resources Unlock the Door to Free Learning. [online] Available at: http://Dramatically Bringing Down the Cost of Education with OER How Open Education Resources Unlock the Door to Free Learning [Accessed 5 May 2017].
YouTube. (2017). Open Access. [online] Available at: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=B579LlMi0Q4 [Accessed 7 May 2017].